Maple – Sugar (Acer saccharum)


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2 Gallon  12-18″

Acer saccharum
Common Name: sugar maple
Native Range: Eastern North America
Zone: 3 to 8 Height: 40-80 feet
Spread: 30-60 feet
Bloom Time: Late April, Early May
Bloom Description: Greenish.  Blooms as leaves emerge or just after leaves emerge.
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Water: Medium
Maintenance: Medium
Suggested Use: Shade Tree
Flower: Not Showy.  May bloom for a few days, or a few weeks, depending upon the weather.
Leaf: Good Fall color
Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Best in fertile, slightly acidic, moist soils in full sun. Grows poorly in compacted, poorly drained soils. Intolerant of road salt. Generally intolerant of urban pollution.

Pollen value is 4 of 5

Nectar value is 2 of 5

Noteworthy Characteristics:  Acer saccharum, commonly known as sugar maple, is a main component of the Eastern U.S. hardwood forest and is one of the trees which is most responsible for giving New England its reputation for spectacular fall color. Medium green leaves (3-6″ wide with 3-5 lobes) turn yellow-orange in autumn, sometimes with considerable color variations. Fruit is the familiar two-winged samara. Sugar maples are long-lived trees which grow relatively slowly (somewhat faster in the first 35 years). Native Americans taught the early colonists how to tap these trees to make maple syrup which has now become a multi-billion dollar industry in the U.S. and Canada. Excellent shade tree. The sugar maple leaf is the national symbol of Canada.